Cryptocurrency is, in the most basic terms, an alternative digital currency to traditional government-issued currency. A recent survey by Dalia revealed that 5% of the UK are planning to buy cryptocurrency in the next six months, with 9% already owning cryptocurrency. Experts even predict that 33% of millennials will own some form of cryptocurrency by the end of this year.
The question is – with more people investing in cryptocurrency, how will it affect inheritance when these people die?
Firstly, it’s important to learn which types of cryptocurrencies are currently the most popular. Here are some of the most common forms of cryptocurrency and their codes:
- Bitcoin (BTC)
- Litecoin (LTC)
- Ripple (XRP)
- Ethereum (ETH)
- Zcash (EC)
- Monero (XMR)
Make sure you provide wallet keys in your Will
It’s essential to tell you future beneficiaries you have invested in cryptocurrency and to list the details of your cryptocurrency wallet in your Will. This is because it’s purchased under a pseudonym and can be very hard to trace if your beneficiaries don’t have the wallet details. By providing your public and private keys in your Will, you’re making it much easier for your beneficiaries to access the wallet. Some cryptocurrency providers have policies in place to transfer any cryptocurrency to beneficiaries or next of kin, though at the moment they are hesitant to have these crucial conversations for fear of fraudster activity.
Cryptocurrency is an intangible asset and eligible for Inheritance Tax
HMRC now treats cryptocurrencies as any other currency – so it’s not exempt from Inheritance Tax and should be listed on your Will. Cryptocurrency is one of the fastest growing currencies in value, so it’s important to keep track of how much your cryptocurrency fluctuates over time. The current standard exemption threshold for Inheritance Tax is £325,000. For example, if you have £100,000 in Bitcoin in 2018, it may grow to £400,000 by the time you die. If this is the case, your beneficiaries will need to pay a 40% Inheritance Tax rate on the £75,000 that exceeds the threshold.
For help with this, or on any aspect of Will writing, please give us a call at legalmatters on 01243 216900 or email us at email@example.com for further details.
Aretha Franklin died last week, and it has come to light that she did not have a Will, despite having an estimated fortune of over $80 million.
So, here’s a song title challenge for you – see how many you can spot!
Dying without a valid Will is no joke so I would say a little prayer for Aretha’s family and don’t keep daydreaming on that freeway of love, and do the responsible thing and think about getting a Will in place. Dying without a Will ain’t no way to respect your family, making them look like a ship of fools. Would they be willing to forgive you if your Will isn’t in place and rock steady.
So call me, Lucy at legalmatters on 01243 216900, to get your Will sorted in these ever changing times.
Remember, have R-E-S-P-E-C-T, and come and make your Will with me!
Civil partnerships were reserved for same sex couples only. However, in recent years, opposite sex couples have been campaigning for civil partnerships for heterosexual couples. The Supreme Court of England and Wales ruled in favour of civil partnerships for all, as the Civil Partnership Act 2004 was seen as an infringement of the European Convention of Human Rights. The legislation will be changed, though this is thought to take some time.
So how does a civil partnership affect estate planning? Firstly, it’s important to determine what ‘estate planning’ actually is. Your estate covers everything you own including property, finances, material possessions and even your social media accounts. An estate plan is how you wish to distribute your assets and possessions among your loved ones.
Here are six ways a civil partnership changes estate planning for all couples:
- If you die without making a will your partner will still inherit your assets
If you’re in a civil partnership and you die intestate (without making a Will) then your partner will automatically inherit a portion, or all, of your property. For example. if you and your partner own and live in a house together, they will stand to automatically inherit it after you die – unless there are special circumstances.
- If you die having made a valid will your wishes will be carried out
If you or your partner dies after making a valid Will, then all wishes will be carried out as they would be for a Will from a marriage. For example, if you want to pass down your home to your partner and your holiday home to your children then the wishes will be carried out as specified.
- Civil partners are exempt from Inheritance Tax
Neither you nor your partner will pay Inheritance Tax if the value of your entire estate is below £325,000. You will also be exempt from Inheritance Tax if you leave all your estate to your civil partner, community sports club or a charity.
- The Inheritance Tax increases to £450,000 if children are the heirs
If you want to leave your property to your birth children, the Inheritance Tax exemption threshold increases to £450,000. This also extends to foster, adopted and stepchildren.
- You can add surplus Inheritance Tax threshold to your partner’s threshold
If your estate is under the threshold, the ‘unused’ threshold can be added to your partner’s threshold when they pass away. This pushes the maximum Inheritance Tax threshold to £900,000.
- You can pay a reduced Inheritance Tax rate in some circumstances
The standard rate for Inheritance Tax is 40% but you can reduce it to 36% if at least 10% of your net assets are left to charity in the Will. If you and your partner owned farmland or woodland you may be eligible for Agricultural Relief on your Inheritance Tax bill.
Estate planning can look complicated. If you’d like some help in writing your Will, contact one of the team at legalmatters on 01243 216900 or email us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
According to the latest research, the majority of over-50s don’t understand essential Inheritance Tax terminology. Furthermore, this lack of financial education could result in them passing on less than they expect.
The research, from Alan Boswell Group, found that of the over-50s surveyed:
- Fewer than 30% understood key Inheritance Tax terminology
- Only 27% were able to correctly identify that ‘nil-rate band’ referred to the threshold at which an estate became liable to Inheritance Tax and that this threshold is set at £325,000
- Only 44% were aware that the current rate of Inheritance Tax was 40%.
With the Government announcing record Inheritance Tax receipts of over £5bn in 2017/18 (that’s an increase of over 50% since 2014), there are fears that people could be failing to minimise their tax liability correctly.
Rising property prices are impacting Inheritance Tax liability
An increase in property prices across the UK has meant that more and more people are now liable for Inheritance Tax.
Since 2009, the tax has been set at 40% on all assets over the £325,000 threshold; despite the fact that house prices have rocketed over the past ten years. What this means is that Inheritance Tax now hits an increasing number of estates. Before 2009, the threshold was set each year to reflect inflation and rises in overall asset prices.
As such, it’s perhaps no surprise that forecasts from the Office for Budget Responsibility (OBR) show that the number of estates on which Inheritance Tax is paid has more than quadrupled over the last seven years.
It’s also important to note the introduction of the residence nil-rate band (RNRB) last year, providing an additional inheritance tax allowance for individuals who leave their main residence to lineal descendants.
The additional allowance is to be brought in gradually, increasing by £25,000 on an annual basis. The amount began at £100,000 in 2017/18 and eventually grow to £175,000 in 2020/21.
In total, as this is on top of the current threshold, this amounts to an allowance of £1 million for a couple.
The problem facing the over-50s
With Inheritance Tax affecting more people than ever before, it is vital that the over-50s are fully informed about this topic. Worryingly, however, the latest research shows that this is not the case. As a result, it is likely that families will lose out while the Government benefits.
But there are ways to reduce a person’s Inheritance Tax liability (e.g. by using ISAs, a deed of variation, discretionary will trusts, etc.). So, it is vital that careful and professional estate planning is carried out to ensure assets are left to family members rather than the taxman.
To find out how you can pass on your estate in a tax-efficient way, speak to one of our expert team at legalmatters on 01243 216900 or email us at email@example.com.
We all love to receive affirmation of our kindnesses. With some people it really isn’t hard to be nice. Take this lady – Jean – who we helped with a recent legal matter. She sent us the most lovely letter, thanking us for the advice and support we’d given her in the last few weeks. She added:
“It made me feel secure and cared for.”
And that’s what we aim to do. Give good advice in a supportive and caring manner. And we hope Jean will join us soon for a cup of tea and a piece of cake.
According to the latest figures, there are currently 9,254 unclaimed estates in the UK. With the average value of an estate worth around £150,000, the total amount of this unclaimed inheritance could be worth billions.
Property, money, personal belongings and other assets are being left in limbo instead of being passed on to relatives or friends. To prevent this from happening, it is vital to make a Will.
What happens when you die without a Will?
When someone dies without a Will, and there are no known heirs, their estate will be passed on to the Government (the Crown). Unclaimed assets include property, including buildings, money and personal possessions. And, while in some cases these unclaimed estates are of very little value, they can be worth millions.
Every day the Government publishes an updated list of unclaimed estates. The newest estates are added to the top of the list. An estate remains on the list for a maximum of 30 years, and during this time, relatives can make a claim against it. However, where no heirs are found, the estate is eventually transferred to the Treasury.
Who can claim an estate?
Under the UK’s inheritance laws (Rules of Intestacy), people who are blood relatives of the deceased could be entitled to a share of an estate. Even distant relations could be in for a windfall. However, partners are not recognised if they were not married or in a civil partnership and neither are stepchildren.
If you want to make a claim, you will need to contact the Government’s Bona Vacantia Division (BVD) with a family tree detailing how you are related to the person who has died. You may be asked to prove how you are related to the deceased, so the more details you can include (e.g. birth and marriage certificates), the better.
While this process is complex and can take a long time, with millions going unclaimed the result could be worth it.
Avoid leaving an unclaimed estate
The best way to make sure that your estate doesn’t end up going to the Government is to create a Will. Making a Will is especially important if you have no or few living relatives. But despite the importance of having a Will, too many people never get around to this inexpensive and simple task.
You don’t have to leave your estate to your family. You can decide to leave your home, money and possessions to whoever you want, including friends and charities. But, only by creating a properly drafted Will can you be sure that your estate will be left as you choose when the time comes.
To make sure your estate is passed on in line with your wishes, or to dispute a Will, speak to one of our expert team at legalmatters on 01243 216900 or email us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Latest figures reveal only 59% of the UK have written a Will. Of those people, 6% have written a DIY Will. While there are some advantages to create-your-own Wills, there are even more pitfalls. Here, we explore some of the reasons why DIY Wills may not be the answer…
Whilst most of us have come across DIY Will kits or online Will creation websites, have you ever asked yourself “are DIY Wills legal?” The short answer is yes, although they must still meet all requirements of a professionally written Will.
A DIY Will kit doesn’t provide sufficient help and guidance for the more complex circumstances in your life. This includes, for example, if you aren’t married to your partner, have children from a previous relationship or hold an inheritance in a trust until a child’s 18th birthday. Using the services of a Will writing professional means you have access to all the assistance you need, greatly reducing the risk of mistakes in your Will.
Although a DIY Will may cut costs initially, it could cost you in the long-term. All Wills must be written using the correct terms and language, as well as ‘witnessed’ by the right people. If this isn’t done properly, then the Will is invalid and could cost your heirs their estate, or money intended for them. Hiring a Will writing professional helps you to avoid this pitfall; a well-written Will is more robust when faced with any potential objections.
Even if your Will is still valid, there’s a bigger chance that distributing assets to your heirs could take a lot longer than usual. This can come with additional fees and, in some cases, unnecessary tax. According to the Co-operative Legal Services (CLS), 38,000 families a year experience prolonged probate ordeals for poorly written DIY Wills.
What’s more, up to 10% of your estate could be subjected to unnecessary fees if your Will is ineffective. The average value of a person’s estate in the UK is currently £160,000 – so this could incur costs of up to £16,000, a cost which could be avoided if a Will writing professional was used.
It’s also worth thinking about what could happen if your circumstances change during your lifetime. For example, if you get married, have children or grandchildren, someone named in your Will passes away or if your financial situation changes then your Will also needs to be altered. Significant changes to your Will means you’ll need a new one, whereas smaller changes call for a codicil (a document that allows you to make minor adjustments to your Will).
It can be daunting to make these changes, especially if you’re already going through a stressful time due to a death in the family, a divorce or financial issues. Calling on the help of a Will writer can greatly reduce stress and the worry of whether or not your Will has been rewritten correctly.
For help and advice on the potential pitfalls of DIY Wills, speak to one of the team at legalmatters today. Call us on 01243 216900 or email us at email@example.com.