Category Archives: Trusts

Help with will writing or administration

Administering an estate when the Will creates a trust…

When someone dies leaving a Will that creates a Trust, it can have implications for the person dealing with the administration of the estate.

A Will may leave property or assets to a Trust so that an individual may benefit from them during their lifetime without actually owning them. For example, the deceased may have wanted their partner to be able to continue to live in their home, but might want it to pass eventually to children. Or they may want to leave money to children for their maintenance and education.

Estate administration and Will Trusts

The need to set up a Will Trust doesn’t alter the need for an executor to obtain probate. In some cases, where the assets fall below a certain threshold, probate might not be required.

Setting up a Will Trust

The executor is responsible for creating the Will Trust. They will ensure that assets are properly transferred to the trust and that the trustees named in the Will have access to them and are aware of their obligations under the terms of the Will.

Once the assets have been transferred, the trustees will be responsible for looking after them and distributing them to the beneficiaries as specified.

Types of Will Trust

A Life Interest Trust gives a beneficiary the right to benefit from an asset during their lifetime. This could include maintenance payments or living in a property. Once the beneficiary has died, the assets pass in accordance with the terms of the original Will.

A Discretionary Trust gives the trustees the right to distribute funds to named beneficiaries as they see fit. For example, there may be a request to fund education or provide a lump sum towards the purchase of a home.

Money held in Trust for a Minor will be looked after by the trustees until the child reaches the age specified in the Will. This doesn’t have to be 18 – it may be 21 or 25 or even older if the deceased wished.

A Nil Rate Band Trust may have been included in a Will as part of Inheritance Tax (IHT) planning. While it is no longer a requirement, older Wills may still contain this type of trust, which transfers assets amounting to the maximum sum the deceased could give under a Will without being liable for IHT.

Help with Will drafting and administration

Creating a valid Will that does exactly what you want and makes the best use of assets in the light of IHT and other considerations can be complicated.

Dealing with the administration of a Will and setting up of a Will Trust may also have tax implications. Obtaining professional advice means that you can be sure that assets are maximised.

To speak to one of our expert probate lawyers at legalmatters, call us on 01243 216900 or email us at info@legalmatters.co.uk.

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Starting a family

Why you should make a Will when you start a family…

When you’re expecting a baby there’s a long list of things to do to get ready. Making a Will isn’t usually at the top of the list, and for many people it isn’t even something they think about at all. But in reality, it’s an important job that could seriously impact your family’s future.

Nobody wants to think about a situation in which children lose their parents, but covering every eventuality means that once you have children you can relax and enjoy life safe in the knowledge that you have drawn up plans for their future care should the worst happen.

When parents don’t make a Will

If anything happens to you and you haven’t made a Will, then those left behind will not necessarily know what your wishes were with regard to your children’s upbringing.

The authorities will have the right to place your children with the guardian they decide upon, and there could be a delay in finalising this, which could be even more unsettling for all involved.

Failing to plan and talk things over with family members could also cause disagreement between them.

As far as financial provision is concerned, this will be governed by the Rules of Intestacy, and you will have lost the opportunity to appoint your choice of trustees to look after the money you leave and decide how it should best be spent.

Writing your Will when you’re a parent

Writing a Will allows you to clearly set out who you would like to care for your children should you die. You can also make financial provision for your children, choosing the age at which you would like them to inherit any money you leave them. For example, you may decide that you don’t want them to be given a large sum of money at 18, and that you would prefer them to inherit it when they are older and more settled in life.

You will appoint trustees to administer the money until that time and leave instructions for how they can use it for your children as they grow up, for example a private education or money towards the purchase of a home.

The trustees will also be able to pay money to your children’s guardian, for everyday expenditure such as food, clothing and school expenses.

Appointing trustees

Choose people whom you trust implicitly and whom you believe are capable of carrying out your wishes as well as looking after the money that you leave. This fund will eventually be inherited by your children so it is important that it is properly managed.

If you would like to talk to one of our expert wills and trusts lawyers, call legalmatters on 01243 216900 or email us at info@legalmatters.co.uk.

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Client Testimonial

Client Testimonial…

When you lose someone you love it is always a difficult time. Having to deal with the paperwork involved in administering an estate after a death – and when you’re grieving – can be extremely upsetting.

That’s why at legalmatters we will always try to make the process as pain-free as possible for you – and why we’re always delighted to hear from a client when we’ve helped a family or an individual through such a stressful time. So thank you Jane for your kind words.

“Thank you and Megan, and all in the office staff for making my journey – sorting my dad’s estate through yourself and legalmatters – a professional, reassuring and stress free time. It’s been a pleasure and I would highly recommend you to friends.”

UK Inheritance Tax

What Inheritance Tax liability do non-domiciled residents have in the UK?

When someone is classed as being domiciled outside of the UK, Inheritance Tax will only be payable on their UK assets.

A person’s domicile is usually their home or permanent place of residence.

However some people may claim the place that their father was born as their domicile, or if their parents were unmarried, then the place of their mother’s birth.

Even if someone was born, educated and works in the UK, it is still possible for them to be a so-called ‘non-dom’, ie. not domiciled in the UK. There are rules requiring an annual remittance to be paid to HMRC each year from the seventh year of residency onwards, but by way of benefit non-doms can avoid paying tax on foreign income or gains, provided the money is not brought to the UK.

Inheritance Tax benefits for non-doms

This benefit also extends to UK Inheritance Tax liability. Property outside of the UK can be excluded when calculating Inheritance Tax liability if the deceased was classed as a non-dom at the time of their death. For those classed as domiciled in the UK, Inheritance Tax is payable on all assets, wherever in the world they may be situated.

Property excluded from Inheritance Tax payments

  • Property situated overseas
  • Property situated overseas and held in trust where the settlor was not domiciled in the UK
  • Foreign currency bank accounts
  • British government securities, national savings and War savings certificates

How to benefit from non-dom status

If you have non-dom status, then by setting up an excluded property trust such as a discretionary off-shore trust can protect your assets from UK Inheritance Tax.

This can be beneficial for those who may have lived in the UK for more than 15 out of the previous 20 years, as it will mean that they are considered as UK-domiciled.

By setting up an excluded property trust, assets will not attract Inheritance Tax even if the settlor then acquires UK domicile.

To talk to one of our experts about tax planning, call legalmatters on 01243 216900 or email us at info@legalmatters.co.uk.

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Using Trusts in Wills

The different uses of trusts within Wills…

Using your Will to set up a trust allows you to set out exactly who you want to benefit from your assets and protect your money from being spent where you wouldn’t want.

When leaving money or property in a Will, there is sometimes a risk that it may not end up where you meant it to be.

For example, a jointly owned property left to your spouse may be at risk of being sold to pay for care home fees, or money may be left to someone who at present is not in a position to use it wisely.

Setting up a Will trust allows you to dictate in detail who gets what, and when.

Protecting your share of a house

You may well want your spouse or partner to be able to continue to live in your shared home for as long as they want, but if they simply inherit it, then should they need to move to a care home, the whole value of the house will count as their own. This would then be taken into account when assessing their entitlement to help with fees.

Your solicitor will be able to draw up a Will allowing you to leave your share of your home to your children or other beneficiaries, but with your spouse or partner still able to live there as long as they wish. This means that your share of the house will ultimately pass to your children or other beneficiaries.

Passing your home to your children

Similarly, if you’ve remarried during your life, you may want your new spouse to have the benefit of your shared home for the rest of their life, but after that you want it to pass to your children.

A trust in your Will can make this possible, preventing the possibility that your share in your home be left by your spouse to someone other than your children.

Leaving a gift in trust

Setting up a trust allows you to leave money to someone under 18, to a person who is not able to manage their own affairs or to a recipient of state benefits, which might be withdrawn if they were to inherit a large cash sum.

Trustees will be in charge of the money, giving it to the beneficiary in accordance with your wishes, for example for living expenses or continuing education.

Leaving a life interest in assets

You can set up a trust via your Will so that a person receives income from the assets in your estate, but when they die, the capital is passed to the beneficiary of your choice. This allows someone’s funds to live on but prevents them from leaving the main capital under the terms of their Will.

Ask one of our specialist team at legalmatters to help you draw up the Will that allows you to leave your assets exactly as you wish. Call us to discuss your Will on 01243 216900 or email us at info@legalmatters.co.uk.

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Protecting your children

Will my stepchildren inherit my assets when I remarry?

A second marriage can be very complicated when it comes to making sure your family inherit exactly what you want them to have.

The first thing to know is that any previous Will you have made becomes invalid when you marry, unless it was specifically made in contemplation of the marriage.

If you and/or your new spouse have children, you both need to sit down and work out what assets you have and who you would like them to be ultimately passed on to.

If you don’t make a Will

When someone dies without making a Will, their estate passes under the Intestacy Rules, which give all personal possessions plus the first £250,000 to the spouse. Any sum over and above £250,000 will be shared, with 50% going to the spouse and 50% shared between any children.

Stepchildren are not included at all. This can mean that if your spouse inherits your estate and then dies without writing a Will, your children would not be entitled to anything.

If you do make a Will

If you make a Will leaving everything to your spouse, with the understanding that they will then leave your children your assets when they die, you have no guarantee that this will actually happen.

As time passes, they may change their mind and decide to leave their estate elsewhere, or they may fall into debt or need funds for care home costs.

The way to avoid this is to have a Will drawn up so that your spouse has a lifetime interest in your property and assets, but on their death the capital passes to your children.

What to do about your Will when you remarry

Because any previous Will becomes void on marriage, you should sit down with your new spouse and decide who you want to inherit. Its particularly important when family situations are complicated, for example with different sets of children and stepchildren, to get expert help in drawing up a Will that includes the necessary trusts.

It is also important that Wills are unambiguous to avoid disputes after someone dies. If possible, you should talk things through with any children and stepchildren so that they understand what your wishes are and what will happen to your estate after you die.

A specialist Trusts and Probate lawyer from legalmatters will be able to put your requirements into a valid Will and this should avoid any arguments arising at a later date.

If writing – or updating – your Will is one of your 2019 New Year’s Resolutions, don’t put it off. Speak to one of our expert lawyers at legalmatters on 01243 216900 or email us at info@legalmatters.co.uk.

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Protecting a disabled child

Include a Trust in your Will to protect disabled children

If you have a child with a disability, planning for their future is vital. While it is understandably difficult to imagine a time when you won’t be around to care for your child, you will want to ensure that they are taken care of.

By including a Trust in your Will, you can provide for your disabled child when you are gone.

A Trust is often a better option than just leaving a specified amount in a Will. Especially where:

  • Leaving your child with a large amount of money could put them in a vulnerable position. For example, making them a target of abuse from others
  • Where your child is not able to deal with their own finances
  • Where your child could lose their means-tested benefits.

Of course, you could leave all your money to someone you trust, on the basis that they look after your child. But this option is fraught with difficulties.

Firstly, you never know how someone’s changing situation and finances (e.g. divorce, bankruptcy, etc.) could impact your child. Secondly, if they die, their estate could go directly to their children (or other beneficiaries), leaving your child with nothing.

Establishing a Trust helps to avoid such uncertainties and ring-fences the inheritance earmarked for your disabled child.

Trusts in Wills

When you create a Trust, you can establish in the terms in your Will.

There are different types of Trusts and they each work in different ways. It pays to speak to a solicitor to ensure the right Trust for your circumstances.

Where a disabled child is involved this could be a Disabled Person’s Trust.

Disabled Person’s Trusts

A Disabled Person’s Trust lets you leave some or all of your estate to a beneficiary who is unable to manage the inheritance themselves.

You establish the amount of the Trust and the people you want to manage the inheritance on behalf of the disabled beneficiary. These people are called the Trustees.

You can also leave a Letter of Wishes stating how you would prefer the Trust to be used. This will help the Trustees to carry out their duties as you would want.

A Disabled Person’s Trust does not affect any means-tested benefits, and the money cannot be used to pay off any debt (or be considered an asset in a divorce etc.). Furthermore, your child cannot be coerced into giving away the assets in the Trust or using the money for other purposes.

If you have a disabled child and would like to protect them in your Will, speak to one of our expert team by calling legalmatters on 01243 216900  or email us at info@legalmatters.co.uk.

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Understanding Inheritance Tax

Most over 50s don’t understand Inheritance Tax…

According to the latest research, the majority of over-50s don’t understand essential Inheritance Tax terminology. Furthermore, this lack of financial education could result in them passing on less than they expect.

The research, from Alan Boswell Group, found that of the over-50s surveyed:

  • Fewer than 30% understood key Inheritance Tax terminology
  • Only 27% were able to correctly identify that ‘nil-rate band’ referred to the threshold at which an estate became liable to Inheritance Tax and that this threshold is set at £325,000
  • Only 44% were aware that the current rate of Inheritance Tax was 40%.

With the Government announcing record Inheritance Tax receipts of over £5bn in 2017/18 (that’s an increase of over 50% since 2014), there are fears that people could be failing to minimise their tax liability correctly.

Rising property prices are impacting Inheritance Tax liability

An increase in property prices across the UK has meant that more and more people are now liable for Inheritance Tax.

Since 2009, the tax has been set at 40% on all assets over the £325,000 threshold; despite the fact that house prices have rocketed over the past ten years. What this means is that Inheritance Tax now hits an increasing number of estates. Before 2009, the threshold was set each year to reflect inflation and rises in overall asset prices.

As such, it’s perhaps no surprise that forecasts from the Office for Budget Responsibility (OBR) show that the number of estates on which Inheritance Tax is paid has more than quadrupled over the last seven years.

It’s also important to note the introduction of the residence nil-rate band (RNRB) last year, providing an additional inheritance tax allowance for individuals who leave their main residence to lineal descendants.

The additional allowance is to be brought in gradually, increasing by £25,000 on an annual basis. The amount began at £100,000 in 2017/18 and eventually grow to £175,000 in 2020/21.

In total, as this is on top of the current threshold, this amounts to an allowance of £1 million for a couple.

The problem facing the over-50s

With Inheritance Tax affecting more people than ever before, it is vital that the over-50s are fully informed about this topic. Worryingly, however, the latest research shows that this is not the case. As a result, it is likely that families will lose out while the Government benefits.

But there are ways to reduce a person’s Inheritance Tax liability (e.g. by using ISAs, a deed of variation, discretionary will trusts, etc.). So, it is vital that careful and professional estate planning is carried out to ensure assets are left to family members rather than the taxman.

To find out how you can pass on your estate in a tax-efficient way, speak to one of our expert team at legalmatters on 01243 216900 or email us at info@legalmatters.co.uk.

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Critical Event Protection…

What is Critical Event Protection and is it relevant to me?

If you are a member of a Death in Service Scheme, if you have a separate Critical Illness and Life Insurance Policy or even if you have a Pension Plan, you should look at Critical Event Protection.

What are these schemes and policies for?

Death in service schemes are often part of your employers’ group policy scheme which provides a lump sum for family or to cover the death of a shareholder in a business.

Critical illness policies produce an income supplement in the event of a critical illness and on death there is usually a lump sum paid.

Life insurance policies may make provision to cover inheritance tax, provide a lump sum for family or to cover the death of a shareholder in a business.

An occupational or self-invested pension plan may have a lump sum which will be paid on death.

What happens to these assets when I die and why would I need Critical Event Protection?

These valuable assets usually only pass to your next of kin if you’ve nominated them. If you haven’t, they go into your estate and may then become subject to Inheritance Tax at 40%. In this way, sometimes funds are wasted or end up with people you don’t even know yet, for example if your current partner or next of kin starts a new relationship.

How can I protect these assets for my dependents?

Using a trust preserves the use of these funds for your dependents, avoids direct ownership, can avoid the need to incur estate administration costs and may save inheritance tax. A trust protects and ringfences these lump sum proceeds and means a quick claim by the trustees upon your death can make the funds available in a protected trust environment to meet family costs.

At legalmatters, we have put together a simple solution, which will enable you to deal with these valuable assets, called Critical Event Protection.

To find out more, download the Critical Event Protection Guide or speak to one of our legal team on 01243 216900 or e-mail info@legalmatters.co.uk.

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What is a Trust?

A trust is a legally binding arrangement where an individual or group (settlor) delegates the management of money or assets to another person or an organisation (the trustees), who in turn passes them to a person/people (beneficiaries). Here’s more information on trusts, why people set them up and the sort of trust funds available in the UK…

When people set up a trust
The money or assets involved in a trust are usually designated to support a person who can’t manage money, such as a child or a person with limited mental capacity or a learning disability.
A trust may also be used in reverse. This is when your own money is used to look after you if you’re unable to look after yourself due to an illness or disability.

The costs of setting up a trust
As trusts can be complex, they should really be set up with professional help to avoid any costly mistakes. Usually, setting up a trust costs around £1,000, but if you’re setting up a trust for a disabled child there are a number of charities, such as Mencap, offering contribution schemes to assist with the financial aspect.

Reasons for setting up a trust
There are a number of different reasons why families, groups and organisations may set up a trust, some of which include:

  • Protect those who are unable to control their spending
  • Protect family assets and keep them in the family
  • Safeguard assets against bankruptcy
  • If the beneficiary is a child or someone with a learning disability (including adults)
  • A company distributing pensions over the duration of an individual’s employment.

There are many different types of trusts, although bare or absolute trusts are the most popular type of trust that people can set up in the UK. The settlor transfers money or assets to the trust for the trustees to look after and, when the beneficiary turns 18 years old, they receive all the assets and money from the trust.

An interest in possession trust involves the trustees transferring all trust capital to the beneficiary for a fixed period of time – usually for the rest of their life. The beneficiary is then known as a ‘life tenant’ and the trust is known as a ‘life interest trust.’ The interest in possession will end when the life tenant dies and the ‘capital beneficiaries’ (usually the children when the income beneficiary spouse dies) inherit the capital of the trust.

To find out more about Trusts, and help in deciding which is best for your own circumstances, give us a ring on 01243 216900 or e-mail us at info@legalmatters.co.uk.

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